The Backfire Effect: Why Facts Don’t Always Change Minds

  In a perfectly rational world, people who encounter evidence which challenges their beliefs would first evaluate this evidence, and then adjust their beliefs accordingly. However, in reality this is seldom the case. Often, when people encounter evidence that should cause them to doubt their beliefs, they reject this evidence, and strengthen their support for their original …

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The Illusion of Transparency: Why You Are Not As Obvious As You Think You Are

  The illusion of transparency is a cognitive bias that causes people to overestimate the degree to which other people can read their emotional state. This cognitive bias is attributed to our inability to properly adjust from the anchor of our own point of view when attempting to see ourselves from another person’s perspective. Essentially, since …

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