Nudge: How Small Changes Can Significantly Influence People’s Choices

  A nudge is a simple aspect of people’s decision-making environment that alters their behavior in a predictable way, without forbidding any options or significantly changing their incentives. For example, if a school wants to reduce the amount of soda that students drink, then placing water bottles instead of soda cans near the register in …

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The Bandwagon Effect: Why People Tend to Follow the Crowd

  The bandwagon effect is a cognitive bias that causes people to think or act a certain way if they believe that others are doing the same. For example, the bandwagon effect can cause someone to adopt a certain political ideology, because they see that other people in their social circle have adopted the same …

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The Familiarity Backfire Effect: Why Debunking a Myth Can Make People Believe It

  The familiarity backfire effect is a cognitive bias that causes people to remember misinformation better, and to remember it as being true, after they’re shown corrective information that’s supposed to debunk it, as a result of the increased exposure to the misinformation. For example, if someone is shown evidence that disproves a certain health-related …

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Start Here

If you’re new to the site, this page contains a few recommended articles that will help you get started. If you want to learn about mental performance: The confirmation bias The guide to debiasing Self-distancing If you want to learn about logical fallacies: Introduction to logical fallacies Strawman arguments Ad-hominem attacks If you want to …

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The Empathy Gap: Why People Fail to Understand Different Perspectives

  The empathy gap is a cognitive bias that causes people to struggle to understand mental states that are different from their present state, or to struggle to consider how such states affect people’s judgment and decision-making. Essentially, the empathy gap means that when people are in a certain mental state (e.g. happy or angry), …

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The Argument from Incredulity: What It Is and How to Respond to It

  The argument from incredulity is a logical fallacy that occurs when someone concludes that since they can’t believe something is true, then it must be false, and vice versa. For example, someone using the argument from incredulity might claim that since they don’t see how a certain scientific theory could be true, then it …

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How to Type Faster: The Complete Guide

  This article contains a comprehensive list of tips that will show you how to type faster, and how to stay healthy and comfortable while you’re doing it. The tips here cover everything from how to improve your typing technique, to how to set up your workspace, to how to decide whether you should change …

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The Gambler’s Fallacy: What It Is and How to Avoid It

  The gambler’s fallacy is the mistaken belief that if an event occurred more frequently than expected in the past then it’s less likely to occur in the future (and vice versa), in a situation where these occurrences are independent of one another. For example, the gambler’s fallacy can cause someone to mistakenly assume that if …

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